ROYAL DOCKYARD APPRENTICESHIPS
The Dockyard Apprentice Journey for a Lifetime Career
Rules, Regulations & Routines of being an Apprentice
Source: John Regnard, PRDHT (Support Group) Member & 1951-
Entry Portsmouth Dockyard Ship Fitter Apprentice
1. The following are
extracts & précis of formal papers, my own memories and knowledge of
45 years Dockyard Career experience. The details defined below were applicable
to all apprentices that included their parents orguardians responsibilities,
when signing the formal Deeds of Apprenticeship for their offspring.
This article attempts to document and describe the pathway from school through
to becoming a Royal Dockyard Apprentice and possibly to Royal Dockyard Senior
Management, as a lifetime career during period circa 1950s onward. Many will
recognise & remember those long ago years of their apprenticeship but there
are future generations who will never experience or appreciate our conditions.
These papers are keeping the focus on the historical aspects of Dockyard
apprenticeships served some 55 years or more ago.
3. It is extremely
noticeable how the high standards and acceptance of respect, personal code of
conduct and conditions experienced by youth were automatically accepted in
1950; whereas today (over 55 years later) standards appear to be totally
disregarded by so many adolescents - and a poorer society exists as a result.
See below: Annex A - Code of Personal Conduct - Rules applicable to an
4. Every opportunity and encouragement to become a competent
craftsman, and to continue education to take advantage of the numerous openings
available, lead to responsible, worthwhile and well-paid jobs for life. A
successful career depended to a large extent on what the boy (or subsequently
girl) made of the apprenticeship. Showing pride in craftsmanship, sense of
responsibility and consideration for others was paramount. Craft apprentices
were primarily trained to work with their tools, but fantastic opportunities
also existed for promotion to the highest levels of management.
life of a Dockyard-trained apprenticeship was considered by most as a very
worthwhile and rewarding start in life. Indeed industry worldwide has
acknowledged that Royal Dockyard Apprentices were the most highly trained and
skilled craftsman available. These ex-apprentices were prized assets in demand,
wherever they worked throughout the world. Industry & Military Services
snapped up Dockyard-trained craftsmen who often went on to become leaders in
Industrial Engineering of many renowned Companies.
Dockyard-trained apprentices through to Craftsmen, and subsequently those who
went on to become Managers, were not only trained for the Dockyard but
supported other Government Departments and Private Companies in United Kingdom
if they left the confines of Dockyard employment - thus benefiting the economy
and skills over a wide spectrum.
Code of Personal Conduct & Rules Applicable to
1. To become a Dockyard apprentice, the young 15 year-old
schoolboy (only in the 1960's girls were able to become apprentices in specific
Trades) had to sit examinations for selection and, according to strict order of
precedence of results, they were then able to choose a preferred available
Trade. Each Trade had an allocated number of vacancies reducing as each boy
accepted a vacancy in a Trade continuing until all vacancies were filled. Many
boys accepted Trades with which they were totally unfamiliar, although all
apprenticeships within the Dockyard organisation were prized jobs and careers.
A few boys were accepted as reserves through an aptitude & intelligence
test in lieu of formal examination but would usually (if successful) only be
offered minor Trades.
2 An apprentice had to undertake practical,
theoretical, professional and academic training designed to produce competent
individuals to carry out the practical work of a craftsman & study for
period of 5 years. Compliance with a Code of Personal Conduct to maintain a
high standard of conduct and proficiency were essential. Apprentices had to be
diligent in their work and studies, with regular attendance both during day
& also unpaid evening scholastic studies. They were expected to become
responsible citizens with strict rules of personal conduct being observed.
These rules included:
a. Take pride in craftsmanship. Strive for perfection.
Maintain a reasonably good appearance. Avoid being untidy and unkempt.
Develop a strong sense of responsibility as a member of the Dockyard community
and the wider world outside the Dockyard. Charges of hooliganism, vandalism,
drunkenness or theft all brought the apprentice and the Dockyard into disrepute
and might lead to discharge.
d. Develop self-respect. Treat with respect
and consideration, all those with whom one came into contact.
fully in scheme of training and those responsible for it, so that utmost
benefit was derived & Instructors enabled to be effective without
f. Avoid thoughtless actions which may harm themselves or
g. Accept need for personal discipline in faithful compliance of
the Rules, Regulations and Routines governing conditions of employment, duties
h. Understand that high qualities of craftsmanship
and leadership received recognition that brought its rewards.
misconduct, anti-social behaviour or failure to make satisfactory progress
would incur penalties.
j. Rules and Regulations governing conditions of
employment and duties and responsibilities of all employees in the Dockyard
were defined in Staff Regulations.
3. Staff Regulations controlled your working life and existed
for purpose of ensuring the smooth and efficient working of the whole
Establishment by laying down the rules of co-operation between employees and
Management. Strict observance and understanding was necessary.
Conduct & discipline warnings of a long list of banned activities, which if
offended against, would carry liability to punishment including probable
discharge. The list included:
i Contravention of the Official Secrets Act;
ii Engaging in
private occupations conflicting with apprenticeship duties;
money lending, book-making, betting;
iv Making or repair of private
v Smoking in unauthorised places, bringing beer, wine or spirits
into place of work;
vi Idleness and negligent workmanship;
late attendance; absence without leave; malingering;
viii Taking up, or
depositing, others clock card;
ix Insubordination; inebriety; turbulence;
causing danger by fire; damage to Government property;
embezzlement, unlawful possession of Government stores;
xi Offences against
the law; Offences giving rise to Civil or criminal proceedings;
Offences against Dockyard traffic regulations.
5. All apprentices were issued with a basic kit of tools, either
free or at subsidised cost, appropriate to their specific trade. A tool chest
was also supplied free. Pay would be stopped if tools were lost or negligently
broken. Tools were not permitted to be removed from the Dockyard during the
6. Leave (2 weeks) with pay plus public holidays. Sick
leave was available in supportable cases. Working Hours - 1st & 2nd year
only had privilege to work 0800 - 1615 Monday - Thursday, and 1545 on Friday.
Late arrival - up to ½ hour after inmuster time meant loss of pay. Any
later they were not allowed to commence work until next in-muster time. 3rd
year onwards worked the standard Industrial 42 hours / week with attendance
from 0700 - 1630. (1 hour unpaid lunch break, but 20 min breakfast break paid)
7. Meal vouchers and travel warrants if living away from home &, in
some circumstances, help with lodgings rent could be paid. Safety, Infectious
diseases, accidents, injuries all had defined conditions in the rules.
Apprentices were encouraged to partake in physical education, sports clubs
activities, etc as part of Dockyard social life.
8. The apprenticeship
included basic craft training in workshops and afloat aboard ships under refit,
construction or maintenance. Work had to be undertaken with efficiency and
confidence relevant to their Trade. Dockyard School (and later College) studies
were compulsory with recognised national examinations in City & Guilds,
Ordinary National Certificate (ONC) & Higher National Certificate (HNC) in
technical & academic subjects being followed. Continued attendance at
School / College depended on own efforts and progress; marked idleness or
indifference could lead to dismissal of the apprentice from the academic
studies. Also failure to pass examinations jeopardised future career promotion
or progression in other Industries.
9. An apprentice & parent /
guardian were bound by Law having signed the Deed because it was clear that the
apprentice was not making the grade (and would fail to meet the standards for a
competent craftsman) or because of bad conduct or poor attendance that had not
improved after due warning.
10. The final completion of the
apprenticeship was formally acknowledged after final trade tests and acceptance
standards had been reached for the particular trade. Rules were intended to
control the working life and not intended to make life hard or to be screwed
down. The prime function was to ensure efficiency over the whole Establishment
by everyone involved from top to bottom.
11. Drawing Office training and
instruction was available to apprentices during the 4/5th year, provided
studies and general conduct were satisfactory. This was voluntary, comprising
one evening a week and/or during the daytime hours for period up to 5/6 months.
Instruction in Mechanical/Electrical/Constructive drawing and, in some
instances, onboard ship trials work associated with drawing office duties was